Corporate Governance – Internal Guidelines
(Board approved as on 08.08.2019 Amended as on 24.05.2021)
1. Objective of Guidelines on Corporate Governance:
A Good Corporate
Governance practice is a key factor of sustainable corporate growth and
maintains a long term relationships with the stakeholders of the Company.
Asirvad Micro Finance Limited (“the Company”) is committed to highest level of Corporate
Governance practices and emphasizes the need for full transparency and
accountability in all transactions, in order to protect interests of its
stakeholders. This enables the Company to attract high quality financial and
The Company believes that a strong professionally balanced
Board of Directors is necessary to ensure the highest standards of Corporate
Governance; we have an appropriate mix of executive /non-executive and
independent directors in our Board. Board of Directors represents the
shareholder’s interest in perpetuating a successful business and optimizing
long term financial returns in a manner consistent with applicable regulatory
and legal requirements and ethical considerations.
In order to enable
NBFCs to adopt best practices and greater transparency in their operations, RBI
has stipulated all NBFCs to frame an internal guideline on Corporate
Governance. In pursuance to the Master Direction on Non-Banking Financial
Company – Systemically Important Non-Deposit taking Company and Deposit taking
Company (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2016, the Company has framed an internal guideline
on Corporate Governance and also the same will be uploaded on the website of
2. Governance Structure:
A. Board of Directors (“Board”)
The Directors are responsible to set strategic objectives for the management and to ensure that the long term interests of all stakeholders are served by adhering to and enforcing the principles of sound Corporate Governance.
The role of the Board
is to determine the overall strategic direction and management of the Company,
including monitoring its performance. The Board is responsible to the
shareholders and its conduct is determined by various provisions of the laws
and the Articles of Association of the Company. In performing its duties, the
Board meets regularly and acts in the best interests of the Company including shareholders,
employees & clients. The Board is an independent of the Management.
The Company’s Board shall have an optimum combination of Executive, Non-Executive and Independent Directors in line with the requirements of the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, and the Articles of Association of the Company.
Board Meetings: The Board Meeting shall be held at least four times a year in such a manner that not more than one hundred and twenty days shall intervene between two consecutive meetings of the Board. The minimum information made available to the Board shall be furnished to the Directors. The Company also adhere the Secretarial Standards on Board/ Committee Meetings as well as General Meetings as issued by the ICSI and approved by the Central Government.
B. Committees of the Board:
The Board has constituted various Committees to deal with specific matters and for operational convenience, delegated powers for different functional areas to different Committees in accordance with applicable laws. The Audit Committee, Risk Management Committee, Nomination & Remuneration Committee, Corporate Social Responsibility Committee, IT Strategy Committee and Asset Liability Management Committee have been constituted in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, Guidelines issued by Reserve Bank of India as applicable to the Company for internal and operational convenience. The composition, terms of reference and functioning of the Committee(s) shall be decided by the Board of Directors in accordance with the provisions of the applicable laws. The Minutes of the Board Level Committee(s) as specified by the Board are placed before Board for its perusal, discussion and noting.
1. Audit Committee:
The Company shall have in place an Audit Committee of the Company constituted in accordance with the provisions of the Section 177 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Rules framed there under and applicable provisions of the RBI Directions. The Audit Committee’s constitution and functioning shall be in compliance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.
The Audit Committee of the Company shall be constituted as per the provisions of Section 177 of the Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder. They shall meet all applicable legal requirements with respect to independence, financial literacy, accounting or related financial expertise, etc. The members of the Audit Committee shall be appointed by the Board of Directors.
At least one meeting of the Committee shall be held per quarter including one prior to the finalization of the Annual Accounts.
Role of Audit Committee:
The recommendation for appointment, remuneration and terms of appointment of Auditors of the Company;
Review and monitor the Auditor’s independence and performance, and effectiveness of Audit process;
Examination of the Financial Statement and the Auditors’ Report thereon;
Approval or any subsequent modification of transactions of the Company with related parties;
Security of inter-corporate Loans and Investments;
Valuation of undertakings or Assets of the Company, wherever it is necessary;
Evaluation of internal financial controls and risk management systems;
Monitoring the end use of funds raised through public offers and related matters.
2. Risk Management Committee:
The risk management framework is perhaps one of the most important parameters that define the success of a financial services organization. A risk management programme establishes a process of identifying and assessing the major risks covering all areas of the institution’s activities risk. The board of directors is responsible to ensure that management has implemented a risk management programme, that resources are allocated for risk management and internal controls, and that there is adequate oversight of the audit function as one of the board of director’s responsibilities.
The Committee shall meet as and when required and further, based on the reporting authority of CRO the Committee meetings can be convened as per the guidelines issued by Reserve Bank of India in this regard.
Role of the Committee:
The role of the Risk Management Committee, inter-alia, shall include the following:
Identification, monitoring and measurement of the risk profile of the Company (including market risk, operational risk, compliance risk, credit risk, transactional risk etc.);
overseeing its integrated risk measurement system;
to analyze the critical decision for investments and corporate lending;
Perform such other act, including the acts and functions stipulated by RBI and any other regulatory authority, as prescribed from time to time.
3. Nomination & Remuneration Committee
The Company shall have in place a Nomination & Remuneration Committee in adherence to Section 178 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Rules framed there under. The Committee shall apart from other things review the appointments and removals of directors and senior management, the compensation related matters of the directors and senior management, evaluation of Directors performance, etc.
The Nomination & Remuneration Committee of the Board shall be constituted in accordance with the provisions of Section 178 of the Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder. The Committee shall appoint one of its members as the Chairman of the Committee.
The Committee shall meet as and when required.
Role of the Committee:
The role of the Nomination & Remuneration Committee, inter-alia, shall include the following:
To identify persons who are qualified to become Directors, Key Managerial Personnel and also who may be appointed in senior management positions in accordance with the criteria laid down and recommend to the Board their appointment and removal;
To formulate the criteria for performance evaluation of Independent Directors and the Board;
To carry out performance evaluation of Independent Directors along with the Board as a whole;
To determine remuneration for Directors, Key Managerial Personnel, Senior Management Personnel and others employees and recommend the same to the Board of Directors.
To recommend sitting fees for Directors.
To evaluate the level and composition of remuneration to be reasonable and sufficient to attract, retain and motivate Directors.
A Policy for ensuring the fit and proper criteria for appointment of Directors is forming part of the Nomination and Remuneration Committee criteria and said Committee approves and recommends to the Board appointment of Directors.
4. Asset Liability Management Committee
Asset Liability Management Committee is constituted to monitor the asset liability gap, strategize action to mitigate the risk associated, ensuring adherence to the limits set by the Board as well as for deciding the business strategy of the Company (on the assets and liabilities sides) in line with the Company’s budget and decided risk management objectives.
The Committee should have such members as approved by the Board. The Committee shall appoint one of its members as the Chairman of the Committee. Further, Chief Financial Officer of the Company should be the part of the Committee and he will be the secretary for the said committee.
The committee shall meet every month
Role of the Committee:
The role of the Asset Liability Management Committee, inter-alia, shall include the following:
Management of the balance sheet of the Company;
Review of the asset-liability profile of the Company with a view to manage the market exposure assumed by the Company
Safeguarding the recovery positions at any point of time;
Review of risk monitoring system, ensure payment of liability on its due dates, liquidity risk management, funding and capital planning, profit planning and growth projections, forecasting and analyzing different scenarios and preparation of contingency plans; and
Perform such other allied functions as may be required from time to time.
5. Corporate Social Responsibility Committee
The Board shall constitute a Corporate Social Responsibility (“CSR”) Committee in adherence to the provisions of Section 135 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with rules made thereunder. The Committee will be vested with necessary powers, as laid down in its charter/ policy to achieve its objectives.
The CSR Committee shall be constituted as per the provisions of Section 135 of the Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder. The members of the CSR Committee shall be appointed by the Board of Directors. The Board shall elect the Chairman of the Committee.
shall meet as and when required in pursuant to the requirement of the Companies
Role of the Committee:
The role of the CSR Committee, inter-alia, shall include the following:
Formulate and recommend to the Board, a CSR Policy which shall indicate the activities to be undertaken by the Company as specified in Schedule VII;
Recommend the amount of expenditure to be incurred on the activities referred to in clause (a);
Monitor the CSR Policy of the Company from time to time;
Formulation of Annual Action Plan in accordance with CSR Policy
6. Borrowing and Security Allotment Committee
The Borrowing & Securities Allotment Committee of the Board is constituted pursuant to Section 179 of the Companies Act, 2013, which empower them to raise funds in any form including term loan, debentures, Commercial Paper, securitization etc. from banks and financial institutions and also to empower designated individuals in the senior management to finalize the terms and conditions relating to the proposal under consideration.
The members of the Committee shall be appointed by the Board of Directors. The Board shall elect the Chairman of the Committee.
Role of the Committee:
The role of the Borrowing & Securities Allotment Committee, inter-alia, shall include the following:
To approve the borrowings/ loans/ financial assistance to be availed by the Company from any Bank/ Financial Institutions/ firms/ bodies corporate/ Company(ies)/ Mutual Fund(s)/ any such other entity within the overall limit as approved by the Board of Directors as well as Members of the Company from time to time;
To consider and approve any modification(s)/ renewals in the existing borrowings/ loans/ financial assistance as availed by the Company from any such above mentioned entity;
To approve creation of any mortgages / charge or other encumbrance over the Company properties or assets for the above purpose;
To raise funds in any form including term loan, issue of debentures, Commercial Paper, securitization etc., within the overall borrowing limit of the Company as set from time to time;
To approve the allotment of securities to any identified investors as proposed by the Company from time to time except allotment of equity under ESOP;
To authorize any officer(s) of the Company to sign /execute loan documents and other papers, documents ancillary to it;
To appoint/ authorize any individual as Authorized Signatory(ies) with limit or without limit in respect of bank accounts maintained by the Company with any banks and other financial institutions
To authorize any officer/staff for opening. operations and closing of bank accounts in different centers for different branches.
To authorize any officer/ employee to apply for net banking facilities and operate the same for online transaction.
To affix the Common Seal of the Company on any one or all documents/ instruments on behalf of the Company;
To appoint Debenture trustee(s), RTA, Credit Rating Agency (ies) and Legal counsel.
7. IT Strategy Committee
IT Strategic Committee was constituted as per the RBI Master Directions on IT Framework for NBFC Sector. The Constitution of IT Strategy Committee is mandatory for the Company.
The Committee should have such members as approved by the Board. The Chairman of the Committee shall be an Independent director. Further, Chief Information Officer & Chief Technology Officer of the Company should be part of the Committee.
The Committee shall meet as and when required, however, the gap between the two meetings shall not exceed 6 months.
Role of the Committee:
The role of the IT Strategy Committee, inter-alia, shall include the following:
To approve IT strategy and policy documents;
To ensure that Management has placed an effective strategic planning process;
To ensure that Management has implemented processes and practices to ensure that the IT delivers value to the business;
To ensure IT investments represent a balance of risks and benefits and that budgets are acceptable.
To monitor the method adopted by the Management to determine the IT resources needed to achieve strategic goals and provide high level direction for sourcing and use of IT resources.
To ensure proper balance of IT investments for sustaining the Company growth and becoming aware about exposure towards IT risks and controls.
8. Management Committee
For ensuring effective management of overall operations of the Company, the Management Committee of the Board is constituted. The said Committee meets from time to time for monitoring the activities of various departments of the Company in order to ascertain that procedures/ codes of the Company are adhered effectively.
The Committee should have such members as approved by the Board. The Chairman of the Committee shall be appointed by the Board.
The Committee shall meet as and when required.
Role of the Committee:
role of the Committee, inter-alia, shall include the following:
- To overview the governance norms
followed by the Company and ascertain proper management;
- To monitor the workings of various
divisions/ departments of the Company;
- To ensure the adherence of various
procedures/ processes by the Company;
9. Stakeholders Relationship Committee
The Stakeholders Relationship Committee constituted as per pursuant to Section 178 of the Companies Act,
Board of Directors of a company which consists of more than one thousand
shareholders, debenture-holders, deposit-holders and any other security holders
at any time during a financial year.
Committee should have such members as approved by the Board. The Chairperson who shall
be a non-executive director and such other members as may be decided by the
The Committee shall meet half-yearly.
Role of the Committee:
The role of the Committee, inter-alia, shall include the following:
- Resolving the grievances of the security
holders of the entity including complaints related to transfer/transmission of
shares, non-receipt of annual report, non-receipt of declared dividends, issue
of new/duplicate certificates, general meetings etc.
- Review of measures taken for effective
exercise of voting rights by shareholders
- Review of adherence to the service
standards adopted by the entity in respect of various services being rendered
by the Registrar & Share Transfer Agent
- Review of the various measures and
initiatives taken by the entity for ensuring timely receipt of annual
reports/statutory notices by the security holders of the company.
- Review of all communications to security
holders mandated by SEBI (Listing Obligations and Disclosure Requirements),
As per the Section 141 of the Companies Act, 2013, the Company shall have
Statutory Auditors. The appointment of Auditor shall be recommend by Audit
Committee to the Board for consideration, and thereafter Board recommend the
same to the members in the Annual General Meeting for appointment.
ROTATION OF STATUTORY AUDITORS/AUDIT PARTNER(S)
The Company shall rotate the firms of statutory auditors and the audit partner(s) as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and RBI guidelines, as may be applicable.
As per Section 138 of the Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder, the Company shall have an Internal Auditors. The appointment of Auditor shall be recommend by Audit Committee and subsequently approved by the Board. The Internal Auditor shall perform independent and objective assessment of the internal controls, processes and procedures instituted by the Management and accordingly monitor its adequacy and effectiveness.
The Company shall appoint an Independent Company Secretary in Practice, in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder, to conduct a Secretarial Audit of the Company for every Financial Year. The Secretarial Auditor shall provide in the form and the manner prescribed under the applicable laws / regulations. The Secretarial Audit Report shall be placed before the Board for its noting and records and the same be annexed to the Board’s Report which shall be circulated to the Shareholders of the Company in accordance with the applicable laws / regulations.
CODE OF CONDUCT FOR DIRECTORS &
SENIOR MANAGERIAL PERSONNEL
The Company has laid down the Code of Conduct for Directors and Senior Managerial personnel. The Code is applicable to Executive/ Non-Executive Directors including Independent Directors and Senior Managerial Personnel of the Company.
WHISTLE BLOWER POLICY/ VIGIL MECHANISM
The Vigil (Whistle Blower) Mechanism is to ensure highest ethical, moral and business standards in the course of functioning and to build a lasting and strong culture of Corporate Governance within the Company. In terms of policy, an internal mechanism is established for Directors and employees to report to the management, concerns about unethical behavior, actual or suspected fraud or violation of Company’s code of conduct. The policy is intended to
encourage all Directors and employees of the Company to report suspected or actual occurrence of illegal, unethical or inappropriate actions, behaviors or practices by Directors/employees without fear of retribution. The Directors/ employees can voice their concerns on irregularities, malpractices and other misdemeanors through this Policy. It also provides necessary safeguards and protection to the Directors/employees who disclose the instances of unethical practices/ behavior observed in the Company. The mechanism also provides for direct access to the Chairman of the Audit Committee in exceptional case.
DISCLOSURE TO THE BOARD
The following disclosures shall be made to the Board of Directors at regular intervals as may be prescribed by the Board in this regard:
progress made in putting in place a progressive risk management system, and risk management policy and strategy followed;
conformity with corporate governance standards viz. in composition of various committees, their role and functions, periodicity of the meetings and compliance with coverage and review functions, etc.
S.V. Raja Vaidyanathan
Policy Owner: Company Secretary